"Journal de Genève et Gazette de Lausanne"† (back)
The late reference newspaper of French Switzerland. As of end of 1997, its two redactions were located at:
12, rue de Hesse
case postale 5160
1211 Genève 11
+41 22 819 88 88
7, rue Saint-Martin
case postale 765
+41 21 331 07 07
"Le Temps Stratégique"† (back)
10 rue de l'Arquebuse
+41 22 322 34 92
Quarterly magazine attempting to focus on "the big picture", i.e. on issues relevant in the long term. Founded in 1982 and closed in 2001. The last issue (June 2001) was the nr. 100. Reached a selling volume of 3,000 copies, which was not judged sufficient by Edipresse Ltd, the owner since 1994. Directed by Claude Monnier from foundation till closure.
"La Recherche" (back to article May 98)
57, rue de Seine
75280 Paris Cedex 06
+331 53 73 79 79
A high-level, monthly, science popularization magazine, edited by the "Société d'éditions scientifiques".
"Région et Développement" (back)
Centre de Recherche en Economie Régionale et Industrielle (CRERI)
Maurice Catin (directeur de la publication)
Université de Toulon et du Var
83957 La Garde Cedex
Institut de Géopolitique des Populations (back)
Jacques Dupâquier (président)
20 rue d'Aguesseau
This institute was founded in 1999. It organizes academic conferences and publishes a quarterly journal "Introduction à une Géopolitique des Populations".
"Le Soir" (back)
120, rue Royale
+32 2 225 54 32
+32 2 225 59 14
"Le Républicain Lorrain" (back)
3, rue Saint Eloy
+33 3 87 34 17 89
+33 3 87 29 33 33
Institut pour la Démocratie en Europe (ID Europe) (back)
197 Boulevard Saint-Germain
T +33 149 54 01 60
Institute founded in 1996 by Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, former president of France.
Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences (AFAS)
Jean-Pierre Roucan (email@example.com)
Marie-Laure Blanchet (secrétariat)
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie
75930 Paris Cedex 19
T +33 1 40 05 82 01
(back to Paris conference of Sep 00)
(back to article in Sciences Jan 01)
Association Euroscience (back to Geneva conf of Sep 1999) (back to Freiburg conf of Jul 2000)
Françoise Praderie, Secretary General
Observatoire de Paris
61, avenue de l'Observatoire
International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations (ISCSC) (back to Newark conf of May 01)
ISCSC website: http://tecn.rutgers.edu/ISCSC/iscsc/
Dr. Wayne Bledsoe, president (as of April 2001)
Department of History University of Missouri
Rolla Rolla, MO 65409-1260
The International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations was formally established in 1961 at a meeting in Salzburg, organized by historian Othmar Anderle and attended by fellow historians Arnold J.Toynbee and Rushton Coulborn. Sociologist Pitirim Sorokin was the Society's first president. The ISCSC edits the "Comparative Civilization Review".
History of Science Society (HSS) (back to review of Dec 99)
Executive Office: Johnson Hall, Room 236
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195-1330
tel: (206) 543-9366
The History of Science Society was incorporated in 1924 in America to secure the future of Isis, the review that George Sarton (1884-1956) had founded in Belgium in 1912. Sarton had migrated to the United States during the First World War. The History of Science Society issues the quarterly Isis as well as a quarterly Newsletter. It claims to be the world's largest and oldest society dedicated to the history of science&technology and their interactions with society.
|"NewScientist"||(back to Sardar article)|
|151 Wardour Street||(back to Fara article)|
London W1F 8WE
T +44 207 331 27 01
In March 2000, Arléa came to the brink of disaster. Total sales amounted to FF4.5mio in 1996, FF4.2mio in 1997, FF4.0mio in 1998, FF3.5mio in 1999. In 1997 and 1998, cumulated losses reached FF0.5mio. The tiny profit of 0.12mio in 1999 did not suffice to really improve the situation. Worsening it all, Arléa's bank reduced year after year the credit limit for the society, due to the more severe credit risk approach overwhelming the banking world. As of March 2000, Arléa's current account was slightly in the black, but only due to an emergency help from the Le Seuil publisher. Arléa, it was feared, would not survive beyond the year 2000.
External consultants estimated the company's value at FF0.4mio at this time, mainly due to the books' copyrights. Arléa reached an agreement with its authors relinquishing up to FF0.7mio in rights arrears. This theoretically brought Arléa's value up to FF1.1mio.
In April 2000, a wealthy contact poured FF0.2mio into Arléa as a loan. In June 2000, this contact agreed to raise his committment to FF0.4mio and to convert it into a share of Arléa (not payable back). Another contact agreed to pay FF0.6mio to enter into Arléa's capital.
Altogether, Arléa had received FF1.0mio of fresh liquidity influx. It was saved for a while.
However, the profitability picture did not improve over the following years. In 2004, the situation was just about as bad as it had been in 2000. The company had €0.16m in arrears to pay to the printer and €0.20m to its authors, seemingly without any chance to ever get this money.
In August 2004, however, a miracle happened. LVMH, the giant luxury group, with which the publishing house had been in contact, offered to purchase Arléa. Claude Pinganaud met Nicolas Bazire, LVMH nr 2. The deal was clinched. In October 2004, LVMH purchased Arléa. All problems were solved at once, like in a fairy tale. Arléa's figures, however bad, were several orders of magnitude lower than any of LVMH's numbers.
LVMH (the word stands for Louis Vuitton / Moët Hennessy) was the world's number one luxury products company, with sales at €13.9bn in 2005 and a gross profit of €2.7bn. LVMH owned such prestigious brands like "Christian Dior", "Lacroix", "Kenzo", "Louis Vuitton", "Céline", "Moët & Chandon", "Pommery", "Hennessy" and "Château d'Yquem". The French group was specialised in perfumes, fashionable bags and quality wines. Bernard Arnault (1949-), who owned a controlling stake in LVMH, was France's richest person, with an estimated net worth of $21.5 billion US dollars, according to a Forbes report of March 2006. He also was the world's no7 richest person. In other words, Arléa, with its turnover of €0.8mio in 2005, was a negligible quantity for LVMH, financially speaking. On the prestige side, however, Arléa played a distinctively more interesting role in enhancing LVHM's portfolio's quality, fineness and distinction.
LVMH had a media tentacle already: DI Group (derived from Desfossés
International) was a division of Bernard Arnaud Group owning and managing
the financial newspaper La Tribune (previously La Tribune
de l'Economie). DI Group is led by Nicolas Bazire.
16 rue des Ecoles
T +33 1 40 46 79 11
5-7 rue de l'Ecole Polytechnique
T +33 1 40 46 79 11?
Bordeaux, France-based daily covering the southwestern part of France, i.e. the
sector of Angoulême, Périgueux, Bordeaux, Biarritz.
Circulation: 320,000 copies
Rédaction Sud Ouest
1 place Jacques Lemoîne
33094 Bordeaux Cedex
T 00335 56 00 33 33
Leading French national daily newspaper, center-right
Circulation: 440,000 copies (340,000 paid + 70,000 free, 2005)
Le Figaro Redaction
14, boulevard Haussmann
75438 Paris Cedex 09
T 00331 57 08 50 00