"Europe owed its success to christianity".
"Western Europe was from the beginning on
advantaged by its superior culture".
John A. Hall, David S. Landes, Alain Peyrefitte
(at deeper level, miracle-type of theory), Harry
Paul Bairoch, Francis Hallé, David Landes,
Charles de Montesquieu
Greek Legacy Theories
"The scientific flourishing of Western Europe
is a fruit of the Greek legacy".
Charles C. Gillispie
and Economic Theories
Jean Baechler, Jacques Blamont, David Cosandey,
Jared Diamond, David Hume, Eric Jones, Joseph
David Cosandey, Jared Diamond
Toby Huff, Nathan Rosenberg & L.E. Birdzell.
"The rise of the West is due to a serendipitous
series of positive random mutatations".
A. Floris Cohen (partly), André Gunder Frank,
Jack Goldstone, Claude Lévi-Strauss
"The European Miracle is really a miracle - extraordinary,
unique and forever defying any logical explanation".
Albert Einstein, Eric Jones (partly),
Alain Peyrefitte (implicitly)
There was no rise of the West, the events
were exaggerated by eurocentric historians
Joseph Needham (partly), Andre Gunder Frank,
Cultural Relativist Theories
There was no rise of the West. All cultures
always evolve by the same length during the
same time, each along its own path equal in value
Undefined / No clear-cut choice of theory