Jean BAECHLER , French historian, a precursor in states-systems studies.
French physicist, author of Le Chiffre et le Songe.
the great French master of long-term economic history.
David COSANDEY (webmaster), Swiss physicist, the Rich States System theory: Western Europe succeeded because it enjoyed a thriving economy and a stable states system. Both were made more probable by the continent's indented coastline.
André Gunder FRANK, German-American economist, "The West is the Pest", and later "The Rest is the Best" school.
Charles C. GILLISPIE, American historian of science.
Jack A. GOLDSTONE, American sociologist
John A. HALL
Toby HUFF, American historian, the "free-thinking corporation theory".
Eric L. JONES, English economist, author of The European Miracle and Growth Recurring.
Paul KENNEDY, American historian.
David S. LANDES, American economic historian, "The West is the Best" school.
Graeme LANG, British sociologist, the states system theory with geographic base.
Claude LÉVI-STRAUSS, French philosopher, founder of structuralism.
William McNEILL, American historian, author of The Rise of the West.
Joel MOKYR, economist
Charles de MONTESQUIEU, 18th-century French philosopher.
Joseph NEEDHAM, British biochemist, the famous pioneer in Chinese science history.
Alain PEYREFITTE, French politician and historian, proponent of the "trustful society" view.
Kenneth POMERANZ, historian, the negationist school ("there was no rise of Europe").
Ziauddin SARDAR, Pakistani computer scientist, "the West is the Pest" school.
Max WEBER, German sociologist, author of the The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.
Robert G. WESSON, American historian, the superiority of state systems.
Karl WITTFOGEL, German-American economist, the "hydraulic civilization" hypothesis.
Miscellaneous Personalities having shown an interest
for the Grand Issue.